Oil Painting Technique
Oil painting dates back centuries and is an incredibly wide artistic practice.
Pero el arte de la pintura al óleo no alcanzó una prominencia y un uso generalizados hasta que llegó al norte de Europa en el siglo XV. Al artista holandés Jan Van Eyck a menudo se le atribuye el «descubrimiento» de la práctica, ya que experimentó técnicas de pintura al óleo en sus trabajos de paneles de madera, incluido su famoso retrato de boda Arnolfini.
Finally, oil painting spread throughout the rest of Europe, replacing tempera painting as the most prominent medium of choice and becoming the practice of painting most closely associated with the art of the High Renaissance.
What initially made the art of oil painting so attractive was the brightness and richness of its colors. What has allowed him to pass the test of time is his adaptability to the whims and requirements of an artist.
For example, Renaissance oil painting artists tended to use oil paints in layers, working fat on lean (which means adding more oil to the pigment as you pass through each successive layer to allow proper drying or curing, so the final surface of the painting won) and from dark to light.
Tips to execute the technique of oil painting
- Keep your palette of oil paintings organized with the paintings arranged in the same way every time you work.
- Pre-mix paint stacks that represent the big "puzzle pieces" or the large masses of your composition, starting with the colors you know and working to achieve those that do not.
- Consider the color changes in the edges of the shapes, which will give shape and volume to your shapes.
- If you want to see flat shapes, close one eye.
- Make the color relationships first on your palette and then test the test points on your canvas.
- Work on very small panels at the location to experiment with the color rather than on its final surface.
- Make color charts that relate the different colors of your palette.
- Fix a limited palette
- Keep a hand on the steering wheel, look at the mirror and the coast. In other words, relax!
- To judge both value and color, step back from your painting to make final judgments.