The Watercolor Technique
An approach to this technique
Watercolor painting is a method of painting. A watercolor is the medium or the resulting work of art. Watercolor, also known in French as aquarelle, is named for its main component.
It consists of a pigment dissolved in water and bound by a colloid agent (usually a gum, such as arabic gum); it is applied with a brush on a support surface, such as vellum, cloth or, more typically, moistened paper.
The resulting mark (after the water has evaporated) is transparent, which allows light to be reflected from the support surface to the light effect.
La acuarela a menudo se combina con el gouache (o «bodycolor»), una pintura opaca a base de agua que contiene un elemento blanco derivado de tiza, plomo u óxido de zinc.
A brief history
The technique of water-based painting dates back to antiquity and belongs to the history of many cultures in the world. In the West, European artists used watercolor to decorate illuminated manuscripts and color maps in the Middle Ages, and to do nature studies and miniatures of portraits during the Renaissance.
When the Western world began to produce mass paper, the medium acquired a new dimension of creativity.
The ancient Egyptians used water-based paintings to decorate the walls of temples and tombs and created some of the first works on paper, made from papyrus. But it was in the Far East and Middle East that the first watercolor schools or the predominant styles emerged in the modern sense.
Chinese and Japanese masters painted in silk, as well as exquisite handmade papers.
His art was full of literary allusions and calligraphy, but the main image was typically a contemplative landscape. This feature anticipated what was to be a central aspect of Western watercolor traditions in later centuries.
This technique transcended to India, Persia, Italy, England, in short, throughout Europe.
Major watercolor painters of our time:
- Eladio Velez. (Colombia).
- Horacio Longas. (Colombia).
- Liu Fenglan.(China).
- Liu Yi. (China).
- Stanislaw Zolandz. (Poland).
- Abe Toshiyuki. (Japón).
- Ilya Ibryaev. (Rusia).
- Dusan Djukaric. (Serbia).
- Cesc Farré. (Spain).
- Nita Engle. (EEUU).
Modern watercolor paintings are now as durable and colorful as oil or acrylic paintings, and the recent renewed interest in drawing and multimedia art has also stimulated the demand for fine works in watercolor.